The EU Framework Programme “Horizon 2020” / General information
The EU Framework Programme for Research & Innovation “Horizon 2020” (2014 — 2020 years)
The EU Framework Programme for Research & Innovation “Horizon 2020” for the period of 2014 — 2020 years has started on the 1st of January, 2014. It replaced the 7th Framework Programme for Research & Technological Development, which was valid from 2007 to 2013.
The purpose of Horizon 2020 is to foster the growth of breakthrough technologies, inventions and advanced developments by the promotion of scientific ideas from the laboratories to the market. This programme supports a wide range of activities: form scientific research to demonstration projects and innovations ready to go to the market.
Horizon 2020 combines the funding of research and innovations on the EU level, proposes a single set of facilitated rules and radically reduces the volume of bureaucratic procedures.
The programme is directed to build European research area based on previous Framework programmes achievements, to carry out further research aimed at the development of European economics and society.
The budget of Horizon 2020 is 80 billion Euros for the period of 7 years.
The EU Framework Programme Horizon 2020 includes 3 main directions: excellent science, industrial leadership and societal challenges.
The purpose of Excellent science is to encourage the research of the highest level, to attract the best scientists and create favorable environment in Europe and beyond it for the strengthening of cooperation and ideas exchanging. This programme is the instrument to increase the competitiveness of innovation organizations, to create new workplaces, to improve the value of life and wellbeing. The funding volume is 24.4 billion Euros.
The purpose of Industrial leadership is stimulating business to increase its volume of investments in research, paying attention to the areas where innovation development is possible. This will result in the creation of new workplaces and will give new opportunities to market development. The funding volume is 17 billion Euros.
Societal challenges is aimed at supporting of research that would be able to solve specific societal problems. This programme includes 7 priority directions, one of which is “Smart, green and integrated transport”. The funding volume is 29.7 billion Euros.
The feature of the programme “Horizon 2020” is that the European Commission doesn’t fund participants from third countries. However, there are significant benefits of participation in this Framework Programme:
— All calls for proposals under Horizon 2020 are entirely open to Russian participants in all areas and fields.
— International cooperation under Horizon 2020 promotes networking between the leading research teams and individual researchers from Russia as well as researchers and subjects of innovative activity in Europe.
— Horizon 2020 promotes networking between Russian scientists and universities and business and industry around the world.
— The programme “Horizon 2020” provides access to European knowledge, data, infrastructure and the leading global scientific community.
— Participation in Horizon 2020 provides an opportunity to bring ideas, know-how and technology to international market.
— Russian scientists are able to receive funding from the European Research Council (ERC), as well as under the scientific staff mobility programme named after Marie Skłodowska-Curie.
Details of the programme “Horizon 2020” are available on the website http://ec.europa.eu/horizon2020.
Framework Programme “Horizon 2020” / Frequently Asked Questions under the terms of participation
1) May Russian entities participate in Horizon 2020?
Russian entities may participate in Horizon 2020 actions as entities from any emerging countries or industrialized third countries, which are not associated to Horizon 2020 and are not the members of the EU.
2) What are the requirements for participants of Horizon 2020?
The minimum requirement for participation in the programme “Horizon 2020” is presented to the composition of the consortium: the consortium must include at least 3 independent organizations from different Member States of the European Union or countries associated to Horizon 2020. A list of the associated countries is represented in the document: http://ec.europa.eu/research/participants/data/ref/h2020/grants_manual/hi/3cpart/h2020-hi-list-ac_en.pdf.
There are some exceptions to the above requirements for some sub-program of Horizon 2020, which is described in detail in the Rules for Participation of the program: http://ec.europa.eu/research/participants/data/ref/h2020/legal_basis/rules_participation/h2020-rules-participation_en.pdf.
3) May Russian entities be funded by the EU?
Russia, as well as other emerging economies, will no longer be automatically funded by Horizon 2020. That is why Russian participants will therefore have to find their own resources (in-cash or in-kind) as contributions to their participations in H2020 projects.
The Rules for Participation and General Annexes to the Work Programme
· the possibility of financing is indicated in the text of the competition announcement;
· funding is provided under the bilateral agreement on scientific and technical cooperation, or under any other documents signed between the country and the EU;
· the European Commission considers the participation of organizations from the country as necessary for the project, funded under the programme “Horizon 2020”.
For more details please consult the details of grant management — Horizon 2020 Grants Manual — and the Rules for Participation which can be downloaded at the website of Horizon 2020 in the Participant Portal: http://ec.europa.eu/research/participants/portal/desktop/en/funding/reference_docs.html.
4) Can the Russian entities get funding from the Russian Federation and how?
Yes, the Russian entities can get financial support from ministries, foundations and other organizations that fund research and development in science and technology. Information on international programs of these entities is regularly published on the agencies’ and foundations’ websites (including competitions for joint research with other research and educational organizations of the EU countries).
5) How to find a partner?
You can find partners for realization of joint research project using the following information services:
· Horizon 2020 Projects: http://horizon2020projects.com/all-partner-profiles/.
· Partner search service of the Information portal CORDIS: https://cordis.europa.eu/partners/web/guest/home.
CORDIS is one of the largest data bases, which includes profiles completed by potential partners. You can leave a request for search for partners on the portal.
· Projects that have got funding: http://cordis.europa.eu/fp7/projects_en.html.
On the Information portal CORDIS there’re all projects funded in the 7th Framework Programme. Information on each project includes contact information about research leaders. Direct appealing to given leaders can lead to the desired result.
· Partner search service of European Transport Network Alliance — ETNAplus: http://www.transport-ncps.net/services/partner-search.html.
· Group in Linkedin: “Horizon 2020” Framework Programme for Research & Innovation [Official Group] (~100 thousand participants).
· Group in Linkedin: Horizon 2020, Official Framework Programme for Research and Innovation Group (~60 thousand participants).
In addition you can use other search tools of EU member countries or organizations, which participate in research and innovation activities.
6) How is the problem of the Intellectual Property Rights solved?
General rules of Horizon 2020 concerning Intellectual Property Rights can be found in the Rules for participation: http://ec.europa.eu/research/participants/data/ref/h2020/legal_basis/rules_participation/h2020-rules-participation_en.pdf.
Basic rules for the distribution of intellectual property rights applicable to all participants of Horizon 2020:
· results of the project belong to the party that obtained them;
· in case the results were obtained by two or more partners together and it is impossible to clearly separate the contribution of each party or determine particular results for submission of an application for rights protection, the modal grant agreement establishes the rights of joint ownership;
· the modal grant agreement contains the general obligations for grant recipients to protect, use and disseminate the project results belonged to them;
· the model grant agreement also contains requirements for the project partners to provide information access to the pre-contractual and created intellectual property for the purpose of its introduction and application.
More specific complementary rules regarding Intellectual Property Rights may be stated in the Grant Agreement and Work Programmes.